About RIK LINA
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Born 27 October 1942 Valkenburg-Houthem
, The Netherlands.
Grew up in Maastricht, Den Haag, Rotterdam and Amsterdam.
Gerrit Rietveld Academie, Amsterdam 1961-1965 (cum Laude).
Married to Elizé Bleys in 1962 (two children: Jim,
in 1971 and Nadja, 1974).
Travels: Europe, Northern Africa and
the Middle East 1962-1972.
In 1969 participation in VIEUW ON NORTH AFRIKA, Museum voor
Volkenkunde Rotterdam and the international exhibition of
surrealism: ZWARTE ZON BLOEM IN OPSTAND (Black sun flower
revolting) Kurhaus, Scheveningen .
In 1972: first solo-exhibitions Galerie
845 Amsterdam ; Felison Velzen and Museum Aemstelle, Amstelveen.
Collaboration with meditation-center DE KOSMOS Amsterdam,
makes here murals in commision of the city of Amsterdam. In
1973 moves with his family to the Spanish mountains (Altea
Collaboration with the magazines MOKSHA
(Psychedelic bulletin) and BRUMES BLONDES (Bureau de Recherches
Surrealistes en Hollande) . Connection with the international
MOUVEMENTS PHASES of Edouard Jaguer. Many exhibitions with
Phases in the coming years, the first in Lima, Peru 1973 and
Bruxelles (Musee d'Ixelles) 1974. Publication of GESCHONDEN
WOUD(Violated forest), lithographies with the poems of Laurens
Collective experiments in lithography:
DRüKKERIJ DE SPATEL, Amsterdam 1973-1979.
Dutch governement grant in 1975 as a start of a ten year during
investigation of the coral reefs of the Caribbean (ca. 1000
hours of diving), organises exhibitions of his work on all
the islands of the Netherlands Antilles (SCUBA PAINTINGS).
1977 solo exhibitions Kunsthandel Brinkman Amsterdam and the
Curaçaos Museum Willemstad Netherlands Antilles. Group-exhibitions
with Galerie Bauma, Amsterdam : AKTUEEL SURREALISME ; Museum
Fodor Amsterdam: MANIEREN VAN TEKENEN (Ways of drawing).
From 1977 on collaboration with the NEDERLANDSE KRING VAN
TEKENAARS(Dutch Draughtsmans Circle) in the Stedelijk Museum,
Amsterdam. Included in THE IMAGERY OF SURREALISM by J.H.Matthews,
USA 1977. Invited for the SYMPOSION FOR PAINTERS Karpacz and
THE INTERNATIONAL DRAWING TRIENNALE WROCLAW, Poland in 1978.
Participation to IMAGINATION, Internationale Ausstellung Bildnerischer
Poesie, Museum Bochum, Germany in 1978.
Emigration to The Netherlands Antilles
Publication of COBALT deepsea-poems 1980 and the FIRST DIVING
GUIDE OF THE ISLAND BONAIRE 1981. Assistence to the construction
of the BONAIRE MARINE PARK.
Lithographies for BARRAGE, poems of Peter Nijmeijer 1981.
Back in Amsterdam: solo-exhibitions
with the galleries DE SELBY 1984-87 and LUMEN TRAVO 1985-94
; participation to the manifestations of AORTA 1986 ; LOODS
6 1983-84 and HET FORD A/D DRECHT Uithoorn 1986-88. Congress
INTERDICIPLINAIRY STUDIES IN CORALREEF RESEARCH, Leiden 1983.
International exhibition SURREALISMO, organized by Mario Cesariny,
Lisboa, Portugal 1984. Starts CARREFOUR, small handmade poetry
From 1988 regular stays on the Caribbean
island of SABA , assistence with the construction of the SABA
MARINE PARK and exhibitions at the THE BREADFRUIT GALLERY
. New motive: the rainforest, long stays in the jungles of
the Caribbean and Indonesian islands.
Publication of the monography: RIK LINA PAINTINGS 1982-1989,
Arthouse, Huizen 1989.
In 1989 included in the retrospective
exhibition DE AUTOMATISCHE VERBEELDING, Nederlandse Surrealisten
(The Automatic Imagination, Dutch Surrealists), Deurne, Leiden
and Leewarden ; and in the accompanying Meulenhoff publikations.
Starts in 1990 the anarcho-surreal magazine in four languages:
DROOMSCHAAR 1991-1995 (Scissors of dream) and the international,
multi-cultural collective: COLLECTIVE AUTOMATIC PAINTING AMSTERDAM
, many exhibitions and manifestations ( Paris, Hannover, Amsterdam,
Poznan, London, Zielona Gora, Leiden, Wageningen, Orkeljunga,
Leeuwarden, Santiago de Chile, São Paulo...)
From1991 on group and solo-exhibitions
at the German Galerie 13 Hannover, group-exhibitions in Paris
(PHOIBUS, HOURGLASS, FIBRE SURREALISTE en PHASES). In 1992
groups-shows in London (Bonham&Freely Fine Arts) and Paris
Retrospective exhibition LATEINAMERIKA UND DER SURREALISMUS,
Museum Bochum, Germany1993 ; PHASES DE PLANISPHERE, Bretagne
1994 and LOS LUGARES MARIVILLOSAS, Santiago de Chile en Valparaiso
Invited for the BIENAL DE PINTURA DEL CARIBE Y CENTROAMERICA,
Museo de Arte Moderno Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic 1996.
Participation in PHASES, SURREALISMO
E CONTEMPORANEIDADE, symposion and exhibitions in the Museu
de Arte Contemporânea, São Paulo, Brazil 1997.
Exhibitions in Chili : COLEOPTEROS Santiago, Valparaiso1999
; France: Or du Temps, Parijs 1998 ; the Netherlands Antilles:
Willemstad, Curaçao 1997 ; and in The Netherlands:
Haarlem 1997, Amsterdam 1998, Maastricht 1999. Included in
the collections of the SBK.
In 2000, takes part in the expedition
of the University of Makassar to the TAKA BONE RATA Achipelago,
off Selayar, Indonesia. During 2001 residence at the FUNDACION
KNECHT-DRENTH Callosa, Spain ; makes contact with FUNDACION
EUGENIO GRANELL, Santiago de Compostela ; and FUNDACAO CUPERNICO
DE MIRANDA, Famalicao, Portugal. These musea include works
into their collections, also the MUSEUM BOCHUM, Germany.
From 2000 until 2003 Participation
with the traveling exhibitions, organized by Arnost Budik,
along musea of the Tjech Republic and Belgium: SURREALISME
ET LIBERTE ; and the PHASES-exhibitions traveling in France:
Arras (Centre Noirot), Mayenne and Saint Brieuc. Exhibition
in honor of Wifredo Lam at the Cuban Cultural Centre in Amsterdam,
publication of Sylvia Valdes article VLIEGKUNST EN TOEVAL(Vuelo
y azar). 2003 Publication of HET PARALLELLE EILAND-Sabaanse
Schetsen, with Laurens Vancrevel (Global Reflexions-Amsterdam).
During 2004 group exhibitions: AU BORD
DE LA PENSEE, Bruxelles-Belgium. O SURREALISMO ABRANGENTE,
Scheduled for 2005
Fundacion Eugenio Granell, Santiago de Compostela, España.
LAURENS VANCREVEL (Het Parallelle Eiland,
Amsterdam 2003) :
"Particular about Lina's 'living automatism' is that the stream
of associations, necessairy for automatism is drawn from the
festering forms of uncultivated nature. His drawings and paintings
grant a new spiritual dimension to the art of landscape-painting.
His plastic work gives a surprising vieuw on unexpected new
vistas, 'as far as the eye can reach'."
SYLVIA VALDES (Vuelo y Hazar, Buenos
"In spite of his Dutch descent, Rik Lina is a Latin American
artist. Like his predecessor Wifredo Lam he succeeded showing-in
the tropical and sub-tropical South into the center of Europe.
He has transformated and decentralized the people of the North
and of the West by reconciling them with a new culture and
with new myths."
DAISY PECCININI DE ALVARADO (Phases
- Surrealismo e Contemporaneidade, São Paulo 1997):
"His work include permutations, true symbiosis and greffages
(term proposed by Edouard Jaguer: "To name the set of
procedures, either from the deliberate purpose or from the
effect of 'objective chance', grouping different elements
in two or three dimensions, as also the modified or disturbed
image for a physical or chemical intervention"). In Lina's
works, these integrations are challenging, for they join opposite
languages - formal constructive and mathematical elements
with expressive and organic ones; histological structural
insights with purely superficial and outward aspects, and
a thoughtful symetrical arrangement concerning the weight
of each language in the composition is out of the question.
EROS CONSTANTINI (Au bord de la pensée,
"From a frontier city, situated on the limits that leaves
the artist far behind, he projects the search for the adventure
that will open unforseen spaces. The frontier becomes place
and condition from which to start other explorations, a dialectic
of signs and representations intended to a consolidated thought
in the arc of an indispensable information, to produce the
"other". It is nourished from the metamorphosis of images,
beyond those where the secret appears, without revealing itself.
Time and space are expanded, dizzy perspectives open themselves,
over canvasses inclining to disappear and deviate, to create
a sort of mistery.
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